The End of Latin

Or rather,  I  should say “Latin words for death” , If, like me you enjoy impressing your pupils with the rich variety of Latin words  and expressions for the act of killing (necare, trucidare, iugulare, interficere , caedere etc etc), then you might also appreciate this collection of words, largely euphemistic, which account for the act of dying

  • If you want to refer to someone’s departure from life, you could use a conjugated version of one of the following phrases:
    • [(de) vita] decedere
    • (ex) vita excedere
    • ex vita abire
    • mortem obire
    • de vita exire
    • de (ex) vita migrare
  • In Latin you can “give up the ghost” by saying:
    • animam edere or efflare
    • extremum vitae spiritum edere
  • Someone who dies before his time dies in these ways:
    • mature decedere
    • subita morte exstingui
    • mors immatura or praematura
  • Committing suicide can be done in a variety of ways. Here are Latin expressions connoting self-inflicted death.
    • mortem sibi consciscere
    • se vita privare
    • vitae finem facere
  • Taking poison for suicide:
    • veneno sibi mortem consciscere
    • poculum mortis exhaurire
    • poculum mortiferem exhaurire
  • Killing someone violently:
    • plagam extremam infligere
    • plagam mortiferam infligere
  • A patriotic Roman death might be described using the following:
    • mortem occumbere pro patria
    • sanguinem suum pro patria effundere
    • vitam profundere pro patria
    • se morti offerre pro salute patriae

    the source is C. Meissner’s Latin Phrase Book and the list appears on N.S. Gill’s Ancient History Blog here

    Main page  (“How to say someone kicked the bucket in Latin” is here :

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